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Rwanda has a youthful population: according to the Integrated Household Living Conditions Survey EICV5 (2016/17), about 78 per cent of Rwandans are below 35 years of age and the total youth in Rwanda consists of 3,170,311 people (1,657,014 females and 1,513,297 males), representing about 27 per cent of the Rwandan population. Young people aged 15-24 represent 20.4 percent of the total population in Rwanda (2012 Census), modern CPR among sexually active women aged 15 - 19: 32.8 percent (RDHS 2015), condom use at first sex: 17 percent of young women and 27 percent of young men had sex by age 18 (RDHS 2010).

Despite of socio-economic development in Rwanda, young people still face enormous challenges like adolescent pregnancies which are on the rise from 6.3% (2010) to 7.3% (DHS 2015).  Youth-friendly services are still limited in scope and coverage; currently, only 13.6 per cent of health facilities nationally offer these services. Adolescent pregnancy is a consequence of inadequate or no access to adolescent sexual and reproductive health services and information or health care.

The Health Sector Strategic Plan 2018-2024 prioritizes universal access to contraceptive information and services by scaling up post-partum family planning information, ensuring availability of commodities at all health facilities, and expanding social marketing of modern contraceptives.

UNFPA Rwanda is working to address these challenges by supporting comprehensive sexuality education in schools and enhancing youth friendly services. In addition, UNFPA support the government at policy level to implement the Reproductive Maternal, Newborn, Child, Adolescent Health policy and also providing technical support in the development of FP/ASRH strategic plans.