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Rwandan population more than doubled from 4.8million people in 1978 to 10.5 million in 2012 and is projected to reach 16.3 million by 2032.Given that Rwanda is already densely populated and dependent on agriculture, this growth will have adverse effects on general wellbeing of the population. The rapid population growth is a consequence of high and slowly declining fertility rate amidst steadily declining deaths rate. Population dynamic is an area that needs a targeted and strategic actions to unlock potentials of the next generation.

UNFPA Rwanda uses its comparative advantages to support the government of Rwanda to generate, analyze and use data on population dynamics to inform planning, policy formulation, implementation and monitoring of interventions in development and humanitarian settings. Disaggregated data are crucial to monitor the progress to achieve Sustainable Development goals. This is done through:

CENSUS: UNFPA supports the Government of Rwanda to conduct the Population and Housing Census, a massive and complex exercise that provides a comprehensive snapshot of basic information on the resident population of Rwanda, its major characteristics and housing arrangements. The 2012 census has informed Rwanda on its population projection where it is expected, in the next 20 years to be considerably different in terms of size, structure and composition. With UNFPA’s support, the 4th Population and Housing Census was successfully conducted and preparations for the next (2022) round of census have started.

Demographic and Health Survey (DHS): The Demographic and Health Survey(DHS), an exercise which aims at collecting data to monitor progress across Rwanda’s health programs and policies over 5 years. UNFPA Rwanda has constantly provided technical and financial support to the National Institute of Statistics of Rwanda (NISR) to ensure DHS is done every 5 years, and results are disseminated to allow progress tracking. The indicators measured in the DHS are very key to ICPD agenda and SDGs targets and goals tracking.

The Demographic Dividend Study: For the first time in Rwanda, UNFPA provided technical and financial support to the Government of Rwanda to conduct a Rwanda Demographic Dividend Profile, a research that assessed the socio economic and human development potential of the country in short, medium and long term period using a comprehensive approach. The DD study recommendations guided the development of the National Strategy for Transformation(NST2017-2024) and related sector strategic plans to accelerate the transformation and economic growth.