You are here

Global consensus that family planning (FP) is a human right was secured at the 1994 International Conference on Population and Development, in Principle 8 of the Programme of Action: “All couples and individuals have the basic right to decide freely and responsibly the number and spacing of their children and to have the information, education and means to do so.”


With a population of about 12 million, of which 40% is under the age of 15 years, Rwanda is recognized as one of the most densely populated countries in sub-Saharan Africa (415 inhabitants per square kilometre in 2012). The population density in Rwanda is projected to increase to over 600 inhabitants per square kilometre by 2032 if the current population growth trend persists.


Although the mCPR rate has increased over the past decades, the increase from 2010 to 2015 was small (from 45 per cent to 47.5 per cent) while the unmet need for FP was unchanged (19 per cent).


The Government of Rwanda (GoR) has committed to managing the population by investing in human capital development to harness the Demographic Dividend (DD) through among others ensuring access to quality health for all, scaling up efforts to raise awareness on FP and services, for increased modern contraceptive prevalence rate (mCPR) from 48% (2013/14) to 60% in 2024 among married women.


In partnership with government institutions (Ministry of Health, Rwanda Biomedical Centre), CSOs and academic institutions, UNFPA Rwanda supports the implementation and operationalization of Rwanda commitments towards FP through:

The development of policies, strategic plans, guidelines, job aids, training manuals and tools in FP using an integrated approach;

Evidence based programming through studies, operational researches;

Health system strengthening, national coordination and FP2020 global partnership to advance FP agenda;

The policy dialogue on sustainable financing mechanisms for FP;

Strengthening national health systems and ensuring a steady, reliable supply of quality contraceptives and life-saving medicines through forecast and quantification of needs; the procurement of supplies and equipment to deliver quality SRH/FP services and regular monitoring;

Capacity building of health service providers, pharmacists and Community Health Workers on quality counseling, service delivery as well as quality data management;

Creation of demand and awareness raising on SRH/FP through engagement of community leaders, campaigns and outreach services among other approaches;

Capacity development and service delivery in humanitarian settings to effectively deliver integrated SRH services including FP, through the provision of RH kits, dignity kits, demand creation activities and facilitate the provision of RH services in refugee camps.

UNFPA ensures access to safe, voluntary FP is a human right and central to gender equality, women’s empowerment, and a key factor in reducing poverty.